Japanese Zen GardenZen tradition in Japanese gardens, together with Shinto are a very large part of Japanese gardening. It is because of these predominant traditions a Japanese garden is a place of contemplation and reflection and a visitors state of mind should reflect this when visiting one. It is important to fully understand these principles when visiting a Japanese or Japanese Zen garden.
The history of Japanese Zen gardens is easy traceable. Zen Priests were Chinese in origin and between 1185 and 13333 they began to influence Japanese residential buildings and gardens. China was such an influential player both politically, militarily and culturally during this period. During the period 1185AD to 1333AD Chinese Zen priests became much more influential in everyday life and belief processes in Japan.
The Zen priests brought about changes to Temples and residential buildings meaning that gardens were intentional to be viewed from the inside of a building- visual appeal was a necessity- to view from inside and appreciate a Japanese Zen garden’s beauty in one view was considered uncluttered and meant that the garden was simple and without many components.
These ‘single view’ gardens were designed by the priests who were known as Ishitateso or ‘Rock Placing Monks’ in English.
In the period 1333 to 1568 considered by many historians to be ‘the golden age ‘ of Japanese gardens, Zen Buddhism began to heavily influence Japanese gardens. A signature of these types of gardens is using groups of rocks to represent mountains or waterfalls. White sand was used to create the illusion of flowing water. This is known as ‘Dry Water’.
Groups of rocks were used to represent mountains and the general landscape and sand or a type of gravel would be used in the garden design to portray the ocean or large bodies of water. Ponds are never used in Japanese Zen gardens.
Japanese Rock gardens ar amongst some of the most beautiful examples of these serene havens. Each rock and stone has a reason for being where they are and without acquiring too complicated the types of stones and rocks used and the reasons why are numerous.
One of the most popular types of Japanese garden is called a ‘Karesansui’ garden. In English this word means ‘dry mountain stream’ and that is why these types of garden ar known as ‘Dry’ gardens. They are heavily influenced by Zen Buddhism. They are peaceful, simple and waterless. Rocks are used and sand is raked to make it look like the sea.
Many hundreds of years agone this type of garden was built by ‘Senzui Kawarami’- in English – ‘Mountain, stream and riverbed people’. They were master craftsman in building these Zen influenced gardens, that originated according to most scholars in China.
The great thing is you can build a Japanese Zen garden in a small space astatine home fairly simply, all you need is a space however large or small as this type of Japanese Zen garden is compact and very pop with some fine examples all over the world. It is even possible to buy ‘table top’ Japanese Zen gardens…ideal for your office desk?!
To find out more about Japanese and Zen Gardens, click below.
By Russell Chard